2 Esdras

In the Latin Vulgate, this book is 4 Esdras [see the notes from 1 Esdras if you cannot get all the names of the Ezra books straight]. This book, an appendix to scripture in the Roman church, is made up of a Jewish text (chapters 3-14, known in the Slavonic Bible as 3 Esdras, and here as 4 Ezra) and two Christian writings (5 Ezra [chapters 1-2] and 6 Ezra [chapters 15-16]).

4 Ezra

Related to the pseudepigraphal book 2 Baruch (Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch) - it is quite possibly a refutation of this work

One Outline

Possible indication of adapted original: 2 Esd 3:1 "I, Salathiel, who am also called Ezra"

Shealtiel, as Zerubbabel's father, would have fit the fictional chronology.

2 Esd 7:36-105 was missing in most Latin manuscripts of the book, dependent on one 9th century manuscript. The torn out portion may have been removed because v. 105 could be read as forbidding prayers for the dead. read 2 Esdras 7:26-44, 104-126

Items and Issues

Torah and Pseudepigrapha
Suffering and God's Justice

5 Ezra

Rejection of Jews and acceptance of Church

6 Ezra

Although late (mid 3rd cent AD?) Christian document, no specifically Christian teachings.

Read 2 Esd 16:18-34

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This page last modified 28 April 2002.